Statement And AssumptionsPage 1

1.

Statement:

the cotton crop continuous to be poor even after the introduction of improved variety of cotton seeds.

Assumptions:

  1. The yield of cotton was expected to increase after introduction of improved variety of cotton seeds.
  2. The yield cotton was inadequate before the introduction of new variety of seeds.
(a)if only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)if only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)if either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)if neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: Aimproved variety of cotton seeds has been used in anticipation of good crop. So, Assumption (1) is implicit. As, Assumption I is implicit Assumption (2) cannot be implicit.

2.

Statement:

all exiting inequalities can be reduced, if not completely eradicated, by action of governments or by revolutionary change of governments.

Assumptions:

  1. inequality is man-made phenomenon.
  2. No person would voluntarily part with what he possessions.
(a)if only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)if only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)if either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)if neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: Ait is clear that inequality can be reduces by man’s actions. It must be a man-made phenomenon. But, the eradication of inequality does not necessarily mean forcing anybody to part with what he possess.

3.

Statement:

“We need to appoint more teachers” – Principal informs the school staff.

Assumptions:

  1. Teachers are available.
  2. present teachers are not good.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: AIt is clear from the statement that more teachers are needed, teachers are available but it is not clear that present teachers are good or not.

4.

Statement:

Be humble even after gaining victory.

Assumptions:

  1. Many people are humble after gaining victory.
  2. Generally, people are not humble.
(a)if only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)if only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)if neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
(d)if either (1) or (2) is implicit.
Answer is: CStatement is an advice. So, it is clear this advice is given, as many people are not humble after being Victorians. Also, it cannot be said that generally people are humble.

5.

Statement:

it is dangerous to lean out of a moving train.

Assumptions:

  1. all those who lean out of a train take the risk of being hurt.
  2. Generally, people don’t like to get hurt.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: Ainstruction in the statement is based on the assumption that those who lean out of a train are in the risk of being hurt. It is not inferred from the statement that people don’t like to get hurt. Hence, only 1 is implicit.

6.

Statement:

the impact of economic sanctions on economy, that is already so weak, could be devastating.

Assumptions:

  1. Economic sanctions impact only a weak economy.
  2. The impact of economic sanctions varies from economy to economy.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: Bit is assumed in the light of statement that impact of economic sanctions varies from economy to economy. Only assumption 2 is implicit.

7.

Statement:

Rich people are more prone to have heart attacts.

Assumptions:

  1. Most of the deaths among rich people are due to heart attacks.
  2. Poor people do not have heart attacks.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: DAccording to statement none of the assumption follow.

8.

Statement:

postal rates have been increased to meet the deficit.

Assumptions:

  1. The present rates are very low.
  2. It the rates not increased, the deficit can not be met.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: DIt is not clear from the statement that present rates are very low. Also, it cannot be said that increasing the rates is the only way to meet the deficit. Hence, neither 1 or nor 2 is implicit.

9.

Statement:

The next meeting of the board of the institute will be held after one year.

Assumptions:

  1. The institute will continue to function after one year.
  2. The board will be dissolved after one year.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: AAs meeting will be held after one year it clarifies that institute will remain in operation after one year. If assumption 1 is true so, assumption 2 is not possible.

10.

Statement:

Although he has done MBA through a correspondence course, he is as smart as a person from college X.

Assumptions:

  1. Students from college X are known for their smartness.
  2. Students should do MBA through correspondence in order to become smart.
(a)If only Assumption (1) is implicit.
(b)If only Assumption (2) is implicit.
(c)If either (1) or (2) is implicit.
(d)If neither (1) nor (2) is implicit.
Answer is: AStudent from college X are know for their smartness which is exist in option first.
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